A novel motorized office chair causes low-amplitude spinal movements and activates trunk muscles

  • \(\bf Introduction\) Inactivity and long periods of sitting are common in our society, even though they pose a health risk. Dynamic sitting is recommended to reduce this risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous passive motion (CPM) conducted by a novel motorized office chair on lumbar lordosis and trunk muscle activation, oxygen uptake and attentional control. \(\bf Study design\) Randomized, single-session, crossover with two periods/conditions. \(\bf Methods\) Twenty office workers (50% women) sat for one hour on the motorized chair, one half with CPM, the other not. The starting condition (CPM/no CPM) was switched in half of the sample. The participants were equipped with a spirometric cart, surface EMG, the Epionics SPINE system and performed a computer-based test for attentional control (AX-CPT). Outcomes were lumbar sagittal movements and posture, number of trunk muscle activations, attentional control and energy expenditure. \(\bf Results\) The CPM of the chair causes frequent low-amplitude changes in lumbar lordosis angle (moved: 498 \(\pm\) 133 vs. static: 45 \(\pm\) 38) and a higher number of muscle activations. A periodic movement pattern of the lumbar spine according to the movement of the chair was observed in every participant, although, sitting behavior varied highly between individuals. Attentional control was not altered in the moved condition (p = .495; d = .16). Further, oxygen uptake did not increase higher than 1.5 MET. \(\bf Conclusion\) The effects of the motorized chair can be particularly useful for people with static sitting behavior. Further studies should investigate, whether CPM provides the assumed beneficial effects of dynamic sitting on the spine.

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Author:Hendrik SchäferORCiDGND, Robin SchäferORCiDGND, Petra PlatenORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):PLoS ONE
Subtitle (English):A cross-over trial
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Place of publication:San Francisco
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/04/15
Date of first Publication:2023/12/22
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
Issue:12, Artikel e0294778
First Page:e0294778-1
Last Page:e0294778-19
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Lehrstuhl für Sportmedizin und Sporternährung
Dewey Decimal Classification:Künste und Unterhaltung / Sport
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
faculties:Fakultät für Sportwissenschaft
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY 4.0 - Attribution 4.0 International