Positive Emotions Training (PoET) as an online intervention to improve mental health

  • \(\bf Background\) Positive psychology interventions are known to have an impact on mental health as well as on a number of beneficial characteristics like optimism, gratitude and self-efficacy. The Positive Emotions Training (PoET) is one of the first holistic training programs covering eleven positive psychology constructs. The goal of this study was to test PoET’s feasibility in the general population and to assess possible effects on positive and negative mental health factors. Additionally, possible effects on optimism, gratitude, happiness, resilience, and self-efficacy were examined. \(\bf Methods\) The sample (\(\it n\) = 101) was not randomized. Participants were allocated to PoET (\(\it n\) = 55) or control group (\(\it n\) = 46) that did not receive treatment initially. The PoET group completed two training sessions (3.5 h each) that were conducted in an online format with groups of about 30 people. All participants completed positive and negative mental health measures at the beginning of the first training session and at the beginning of the second one as well as 30 days after the second session. Two-factorial repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted to test for possible effects of PoET on mental health. \(\bf Results\) The results showed that the contents were comprehensible and that the conduction of the training was feasible overall. In addition, a significant decrease of depression and anxiety symptoms as well as a significant increase of optimism were found in the PoET group. No significant changes were found in the control group. \(\bf Conclusions\) Results indicate that PoET is an applicable intervention for improving mental health in the general population.

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Author:Lara NiemannGND, Celin von GrunerGND, Xiao Chi ZhangGND, Jürgen MargrafORCiDGND, Christina TotzeckORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):BMC public health
Subtitle (English):a feasibility study
Publisher:BioMed Central, Part of Springer Nature
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/03/14
Date of first Publication:2023/08/14
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
Feasibility; Low-threshold intervention; Mental health; Online training; Positive emotions; Positive psychology
Issue:Artikel 1543
First Page:1543-1
Last Page:1543-12
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit
Dewey Decimal Classification:Philosophie und Psychologie / Psychologie
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY 4.0 - Attribution 4.0 International