Training on sand or parquet

  • This study examined the effects of combined change of direction (CoD) and plyometric training on sand in basketball players' jump, sprint, and CoD performances. In total, twenty-five male professional basketball players (age, 24.1 \(\pm\) 4.2 years; height, 192.5 \(\pm\) 8.0 cm; body mass, 92.6 \(\pm\) 11.6 kg) participated in a pre-season intervention study over seven weeks, where two teams completed an identical speed training protocol, either on sand or on a hard surface, while a third team served as the control. All participants followed their regular pre-season training, while the intervention groups additionally performed the training protocol twice weekly. A repeated-measures ANOVA (rANOVA) showed significant interaction effects on the countermovement jump (F = 14.90, \(\it p\) < 0.001), pivot–step–jump test (F = 8.09, \(\it p\) = 0.002), 10 m sprint time (ST) (F = 4.18, \(\it p\) = 0.050), and 20 m ST (F = 8.49, \(\it p\) = 0.002). Moreover, an rANOVA showed significant interaction effects for the CoD performance regarding total time (F = 5.70, \(\it p\) = 0.010) and average velocity prior to the CoD (F = 8.40, \(\it p\) = 0.002) and after the CoD (F = 3.89, \(\it p\) = 0.036). As such, the findings suggest that sand-based training elicits kinematic adaptations, increased muscle activation, and a shift towards concentric force development that all contribute to enhanced athletic capabilities.

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Author:Jo-Lâm VuongGND, Johanna HeilGND, Nina BreuerGND, Matthaios TheodoropoulosGND, Nicola Reiner VolkORCiDGND, Antonia EdelGND, Alexander FerrautiORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Applied sciences
Subtitle (English):impact of pre-season training on jumping, sprinting, and change of direction performance in professional basketball players
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/02/26
Date of first Publication:2023/07/23
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
agility; change of direction; sand training; speed training
Issue:14, Article 8518
First Page:8518-1
Last Page:8518-19
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Lehr- und Forschungsbereich Trainingswissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:Künste und Unterhaltung / Sport
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
faculties:Fakultät für Sportwissenschaft
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY 4.0 - Attribution 4.0 International