Trust in higher guidance and suicidality in Afghan students under the Taliban regime

  • \(\textit {Background/Objective:}\) After years of war, political instability and natural catastrophes high rates of PTSD and depression have been found in the Afghan population. On this background, it was investigated whether religious beliefs (trust in higher guidance; TIHG) moderated the association between \(\underline {PTSD}\) symptoms and/or depression and suicidal ideation. \(\it Method:\) A total of 279 Afghan university students (61.6% women; aged 18 to 30 years) took part in this cross-sectional study between July and November 2022. Self-report measures of PTSD, depression, suicidal ideation, trust in higher guidance were used. \(\it Results:\) Severe PTSD symptoms were reported by 58.4%, clinically relevant depression symptoms were reported by 55.2% and current suicidal ideation was reported by 44.4% of the sample. TIHG moderated the impact of PTSD symptoms, on suicidal ideation. TIHG and depression were unrelated. \(\it Conclusion:\) PTSD symptoms, depression and suicidal ideation show an alarmingly high prevalence in this specific sample of Afghan students. TIHG seems to be a resilience factor of special importance.

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Author:Ali MehrabiGND, Azam NaghaviORCiDGND, Mohammad Ershad AfsharzadaGND, Mohammad Sajjad AfsharzadaORCiDGND, Julia BrailovskaiaORCiDGND, Tobias TeismannGND
Parent Title (English):International journal of clinical and health psychology
Place of publication:Barcelona
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/02/26
Date of first Publication:2023/07/14
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
Afghanistan; Depression; PTSD; Religious beliefs; Suicidal ideation
Issue:4, Article 100398
First Page:100398-1
Last Page:100398-6
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit
Dewey Decimal Classification:Philosophie und Psychologie / Psychologie
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 - Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International