Western visitors at the \(\it Blätterhöhle\) (city of Hagen, southern Westphalia) during the Younger Dryas?

  • Until now, it was considered certain that the last reindeer hunters of the Ahrensburgian (tanged point groups) existed exclusively in northwestern Central Europe during the Younger Dryas Cold Period (~ Greenland Stadial 1). The excavations carried out since 2006 on the forecourt \(\it (Vorplatz)\) of the small \(\it Blätterhöhle\) in Hagen on the northern edge of the Sauerland uplands of southern Westphalia (North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany) have now changed this view. Beneath a surprisingly extensive sequence of Mesolithic find horizons, Pleistocene sediments could be reached whose excavations yielded a Final Palaeolithic lithic ensemble of the Younger Dryas, unusual for the region and beyond. It is characterised by numerous backed lithic projectile points of high variability. Comparisons suggest a typological-technological connection with the Western European Laborian / Late Laborian. Neither in the nearer nor in the wider surroundings has a comparable lithic find ensemble been found so far. In addition, there is a lack of clear evidence for the reindeer in the fauna. Surprisingly, the vast majority of radiocarbon dates of bones and charcoals from the investigated archaeological horizon of the Final Pleistocene proved to be significantly older than expected from their stratigraphic position. This phenomenon has not yet been clarified.

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Author:Michael BaalesORCiDGND, Wolfgang HeuschenORCiDGND, Martin KehlGND, Annika ManzGND, Nadine NoldeGND, Daniel RiemenschneiderGND, Holger RittwegerGND, Jörg OrschiedtGND
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
Subtitle (English):A new final palaeolithic assemblage type in western Germany
Place of publication:San Francisco
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/01/30
Date of first Publication:2023/05/03
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
Issue:5, Article e0284479
First Page:e0284479-1
Last Page:e0284479-55
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:Geschichte und Geografie / Alte Geschichte, Archäologie
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
faculties:Fakultät für Geschichtswissenschaft
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY 4.0 - Attribution 4.0 International