Misclassification of self-directed violence

  • \(\it Background:\) Classification of acts of self-directed violence has been shown to be inadequate in past research. Furthermore, level of expertise have been shown to be unrelated to classification correctness. \(\it Aim:\) The aim of the present study was to investigate whether participants provided with a definition are more reliable in their judgment than participants without a definition. \(\it Method:\) Two hundred sixty-one participants (psychology students, psychotherapists-in-training) were presented with case vignettes describing different acts of self-directed violence and were asked to make a classification. On the basis of randomized allocation, half of the participants received a definition of the different acts of self-directed violence, whereas the others did not. \(\it Results:\) Overall, 24.9% of the cases were misclassified. The presentation of a definition was not accompanied by a higher classification accuracy. \(\it Limitations:\) There may be issues about the validity of the case vignettes. \(\it Conclusions:\) The results highlight the importance of more methodological training of psychologists regarding suicidal issues.

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Author:Tobias TeismannGND, Jannik Julian EimenORCiDGND, Jan Christopher CwikORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Crisis
Subtitle (English):Does the provision of a definition enhance diagnostic accuracy?
Place of publication:Göttingen
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/01/25
Date of first Publication:2023/01/13
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:classification; nonsuicidal self-directed violence; suicide; suicide attempt
First Page:525
Last Page:528
Institutes/Facilities:Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit
Dewey Decimal Classification:Philosophie und Psychologie / Psychologie
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 - Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International