Training drills in high performance badminton

  • \(\bf Purpose:\) The aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of interval duration on training loads and technical skill performance in high performance badminton drills. \(\bf Methods:\) On three experimental days, 19 internationally ranked players (13 male: 22.7 \(\pm\) 3.8 years, 180 \(\pm\) 6 cm, 71.5 \(\pm\) 6.1 kg; 6 females: 20.4 \(\pm\) 2.5 years, 168 \(\pm\) 4 cm, 59.8 \(\pm\) 6.0 kg) completed one of three protocols (\(T_{10}\), \(T_{30}\), and \(T_{50}\)) of a typical badminton specific drill, the so-called "Multifeeding" (the coach feeds shuttlecock without break in a random order) in a counterbalanced order. The protocols varied in interval duration (10, 30, and 50 s) but were matched for the rally-to-rest-ratio (1:1) and active playing time (600 s). Cardiorespiratory responses (portable spirometry, chest belt), energy metabolism (levels of blood lactate, La), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), player's kinematics (Local Positioning System), and technical skill performance (video analysis) were measured. \(\bf Results:\) Average oxygen consumption (\(T_{10}\) 45 \(\pm\) 6; \(T_{30}\) 46 \(\pm\) 7; \(T_{50}\) 44 \(\pm\) 6 mL \(min^{−1}\)·\(kg^{−1}\)), Energy expenditure (886 \(\pm\) 209; 919 \(\pm\) 176; 870 \(\pm\) 206 kcal \(h^{−1}\)), heart rate (164 \(\pm\) 13; 165 \(\pm\) 11; 165 \(\pm\) 10 bpm) and RPE (16 \(\pm\) 2; 17 \(\pm\) 2; 17 \(\pm\) 2) did not differ between the protocols. Respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and La significantly increased depending on interval duration (RER: 0.90 \(\pm\) 0.05; 0.93 \(\pm\) 0.03; 0.96 \(\pm\) 0.04 and La: 3.6 \(\pm\) 2.0; 5.6 \(\pm\) 3.0; 7.3 \(\pm\) 2.3 mmol \(l^{−1}\)). Stroke frequency (SF; 0.58 \(\pm\) 0.05; 0.57 \(\pm\) 0.05; 0.55 \(\pm\) 0.06 strokes·\(s^{−1}\)) was similar while distance covered, and average running velocity were significantly lower for \(T_{50}\) compared to \(T_{10}\) (76 \(\pm\) 17; 70 \(\pm\) 13; 65 \(\pm\) 11 m \(min^{−1}\)). Moreover, jump frequency in \(T_{30}\) was higher than in \(T_{10}\) (6.7 \(\pm\) 3.1; 8.8 \(\pm\) 3.8; 8.5 \(\pm\) 4.2 jumps·\(min^{−1}\)), whereas differences in internal and external loads were not associated with changes in stroke precision (errors: 16 \(\pm\) 6; 19 \(\pm\) 4; 18 \(\pm\) 4%; accuracy: 22 \(\pm\) 6; 24 \(\pm\) 8; 23 \(\pm\) 8%). \(\bf Conclusion:\) Anaerobic metabolic stimulus increases while running distance and velocity decrease, in case of longer interval durations. Even though there was no impact on stroke precision, extending the intervals beyond 30 s might impair external training load and skill performance. Consequently, interval duration should be defined carefully depending on the training goals.

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Author:Antonia EdelGND, Jan-Luka WeisGND, Alexander FerrautiORCiDGND, Thimo WiewelhoveORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in physiology
Subtitle (English):effects of interval duration on internal and external loads
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of publication:Lausanne
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2024/01/30
Date of first Publication:2023/06/30
Publishing Institution:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsbibliothek
Tag:Open Access Fonds
elite level badminton; multifeeding; on-court training; physiological responses; training load
Issue:Article 1189688
First Page:1189688-1
Last Page:1189688-11
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
Institutes/Facilities:Lehr- und Forschungsbereich Trainingswissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:Künste und Unterhaltung / Sport
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
faculties:Fakultät für Sportwissenschaft
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY 4.0 - Attribution 4.0 International